Summary

Most of what children read on a daily basis is expository text. The history of Egyptian mathematics offers an expository text reading and reading strategy activities.

Pre-Reading Questions

Look at the picture below and answer the following questions.

a. What do you think the man in the bottom right corner is looking at?

b. What do you think the men are carrying on their backs?

Read the Following Expository Text

Reference: Jordan, Shirley. "Egypt - Big Universe Reader(tm)." Egypt* - Big Universe Reader(tm)*. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Aug. 2013.

Vocabulary

Read the text and look at the picture. Answer the questions.

1. The Egyptians wrote numbers as ______________.

a. measurements

b. symbols

c. whole numbers

2. The Egyptians invented a system of ___________, such as 1/4 and 1/2.

a. whole numbers

b. problems

c. fractions

3. The Egyptians developed a way of measuring their land by **surveying** it. What do you think **surveying** means?

a. to look over carefully

b. to multiply numbers

c. to divide numbers

Comprehension - Understanding the Main Idea

Choose the best possible answer for the following questions

1. The main idea of "The Egyptians and Mathematics" is that

a. the Egyptians built pyramids.

b. the Egyptians developed a system of numbers.

c. the Nile river floods often.

2. The Egyptians did not use certain numbes such as

a. 1 and 10

b. 1 and 5

c. 2 through 9

Comprehension - Finding Information

Read the following questions. Find the answers in the text above to the following questions.

1. What symbols did the Egyptians use to write the number 25?

2. When the Nile river flooded, what did it wash away?

3. How did the Egyptians solves the Nile river problem?

Writing Prompt

On a separate piece of paper, make a t-chart. On the left of the t-chart write five different numbers. On the right, write the numbers in symbol form, just as the Egyptians would have. See the chart below for an example.